• Home
  • >
  • Latest News
  • >
  • Information on the latest Situation of Outbreaks of Upper...

Information on the latest Situation of Outbreaks of Upper Respiratory Tract Infection released by the Centre for Health Protection

Date: 20/06/2022

 有關上呼吸道感染爆發的最新情況 (由衛生防護中心發出) 

請留意以下有關衛生防護中心發出上呼吸道感染爆發的最新情況: 

中心最近錄得多宗涉及學校/院舍的上呼吸道感染爆發。最近兩周 (五月三十一日至六月十三日)共錄得三十八宗上呼吸道感染爆發個案,涉 及二百五十四人;對比過去兩周(五月十七日至五月三十日)錄得一宗爆發 個案,涉及九人。最近兩周大部分的爆發個案發生在幼稚園/幼兒中心 (56.4%),其次是小學(38.5%)。初步化驗結果顯示,在最近上呼吸道感染 爆發個案中收集的一些樣本中檢測到鼻病毒。 

為防止呼吸道傳染病的爆發,學校應每天主動為所有學生在 抵校後量度體溫,以識別發燒學童。員工亦應在上班前量度體溫。有發 燒或呼吸道疾病的學生和員工,不論快速抗原測試的結果,都不應回校 上課,並應佩戴外科口罩及盡快求醫。 

我們亦建議採取以下措施以預防上呼吸道感染: 

病人佩戴外科口罩可以預防傳播呼吸道病毒,因此出現病徵(即使症 狀輕微)的人士佩戴外科口罩十分重要; 

在乘搭交通工具或在人多擠迫的地方逗留時應佩戴外科口罩。正確佩 戴口罩十分重要,包括在佩戴口罩前及脫下口罩後保持手部衞生; 

避免觸摸眼睛、口和鼻; 

雙手一旦染污,應使用梘液和清水以正確方法洗手; 

當雙手沒有明顯污垢時,用含70%80%的酒精搓手液潔淨雙手; 

打噴嚏或咳嗽時應用紙巾掩着口鼻,把用過的紙巾棄置於有蓋垃圾箱 內,其後應徹底洗手; 

保持室內空氣流通; 

當出現呼吸道感染病徵,應戴上外科口罩,不應上班或上學,避免前 往人多擠逼的地方,及盡早向醫生求診;及 

保持均衡飲食、恆常運動及充足休息,不要吸煙和避免過大的生活壓 力。 

有關正確潔手及正確使用口罩的指引,可在中心的以下專頁瀏覽 https://www.chp.gov.hk/tc/healthtopics/content/460/19728.html https://www.chp.gov.hk/tc/healthtopics/content/460/19731.html 。此外,由中 心製作關於個人和環境衞生的示範短片,已上載至中心的「感染控制須 知」網頁 (https://www.chp.gov.hk/tc/resources/346/index.html 

Information on the latest Situation of Outbreaks of Upper Respiratory Tract Infection released by the Centre for Health Protection 

Please pay attention to the following information about the latest Situation of Outbreaks of Upper Respiratory Tract Infection released by the Centre for Health Protection: 

The Centre for Health Protection (CHP) of the Department of Health has recently received increased reports of institutional URTI outbreaks. A total of 38 URTI outbreaks affecting 254 persons were reported in recent two weeks (from 31 May to 13 June), compared to 1 URTI outbreak affecting 9 persons recorded in the previous two weeks (from 17 to 30 May). Majority of the outbreaks occurred in kindergartens/child care centres (56.4%), followed by primary schools (38.5%). The preliminary laboratory results of specimens collected from some affected children were detected with Rhinovirus. 

To prevent outbreaks of respiratory tract infection, schools should actively check the body temperature of all students every day when they arrive at school so as to identify students with fever. Staff should also check their temperature before work every day. Students and staff with fever or respiratory illnesses should not be allowed to attend school regardless of their RAT results. They should wear a mask and seek medical attention promptly. 

The following measures are advised to prevent upper respiratory tract infection: 

  • • Surgical mask can prevent transmission of respiratory viruses from ill persons. It is essential for persons who are symptomatic (even if having mild symptoms) to wear a surgical mask; 
  • Wear a surgical mask when taking public transport or staying in crowded places. It is important to wear a mask properly, including performing hand hygiene before wearing and after removing a mask; 
  • • Avoid touching one’s eyes, mouth and nose; 
  • • Wash hands with liquid soap and water properly whenever possibly contaminated; 
  • When hands are not visibly soiled, clean them with 70 to 80 per cent alcohol-based handrub as an effective alternative; 
  • Cover the nose and mouth with tissue paper when sneezing or coughing. Dispose of soiled tissue paper properly into a lidded rubbish bin, and wash hands thoroughly afterwards; 
  • • Maintain good indoor ventilation; 
  • When having respiratory symptoms, wear a surgical mask, refrain from work or attending class at school, avoid going to crowded places and seek medical advice promptly. 
  • Maintain a balanced diet, exercise regularly, take adequate rest, do not smoke and avoid overstress. 

You may wish to refer the CHP’s guidelines on proper hand hygiene and proper use of mask, which are accessible at the CHP webpage https://www.chp.gov.hk/en/healthtopics/content/460/19728.html and https://www.chp.gov.hk/en/healthtopics/content/460/19731.html ; and video clips produced by the CHP on personal and environmental hygiene, which are available under “Video Demonstration” section of “Infection Control Corner” at the CHP website (https://www.chp.gov.hk/en/resources/346/index.html ). 

Top